5 sun safe lessons for kids
Being sun safe should be a habit that starts in childhood and becomes as second nature as putting on a seatbelt every time you get in the car.
In day care centres and primary schools around the country, kids are adopting sun safe practices like wearing sun hats and sunscreen.
Evidence points to childhood exposure to UV radiation significantly contributing to the development of skin cancer in adult life. Teaching school children about reducing their sun exposure is expected to have a major impact on the future incidence of skin cancer.
Be a sun smart role model
Schools are teaching kids to protect themselves from the sun but it’s up to parents to reinforce this behaviour at home. And that’s not just by constantly reminding kids to wear a hat and sunscreen but to model sun smart behaviours themselves and to talk to their children about why they’ll be healthier if they protect themselves from the sun.
5 sun smart tips to teach kids
- Play in the shade: Staying in the shade is one of the most effective ways to reduce exposure to the sun, although you can still get sunburnt from reflected UV radiation that bounces off surfaces such as concrete, water and sand. So make sure you’re wearing sunscreen too.
- Always swim in a rash top: It should become a habit for kids to put on a rash top every time they put on their swimming togs. Remember too that over time your rash top's fabric can become stretched, thin and an ineffective sun barrier quite quickly if used a lot, so replace them as soon as they become tired-looking.
- Broad-brimmed hats rule: It’s important kids learn that wide-brimmed hats are best at protecting their faces and necks. Common sites of skin damage and skin cancer are the neck, ears, temples, lips, face and nose.
- Sunglasses are cool: Getting littlies used to wearing sunglasses at an early age is a good idea. Make sure you choose ones that meet the New Zealand Standard AS/NZS1067: 2003 (sunglasses standards 2, 3 and 4). There are also products specifically designed for babies and toddlers to keep their sunnies in place.
- Develop a sunscreen habit: Kids are probably going to play outside every day of their young lives so help them get into the habit of thinking about whether they need sunscreen.
Understanding the UV Index
Knowing the UV Index in your region can help you know when to use sun smart behaviours and what times of the day it’s best to stay out of the sun. There are even UV mobile phone apps that can be downloaded which provide real-time measurements of local UV indices.
The UV Index indicates the amount of the sun’s UV radiation that reaches the earth’s surface. The higher the UV Index level, the greater the potential for damage to your skin.
Use sunscreen and other measures to protect from UV rays when the index is 3 and above.
Related sun smart articles
- What is sunscreen SPF?
- Kids and sunscreen
- 9 family sun safe tips for summer
- 5 fun summer sports your kids will love
- Swimming lessons save lives
- Why kids should wear sunglasses
This article was written by Fiona Baker for Kidspot, New Zealand's best family health resource, in conjunction with NIVEA SUN. Sources include Kidspot Australia.