The immunisation process protects children and adults against harmful infections that circulate in our communities before you come into contact with them. By exposing your body to a small amount of a specific infection through immunisation, your immune system responds – as it should – by building a response which will protect your body should you ever be exposed to that infection again in the future.

In New Zealand there is a standard course of immunisations for children. It is important that your child has the full course including the booster shots. Immunisations are given for


  • Diphtheria
  • Tetanus
  • Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
  • Poliomyelitis (polio)
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
  • Hepatitis B
  • Pneumococcal

All immunisations are given via injection. Click here to see the full schedule.

Immunisation and vaccination

The term vaccination refers to actual process of getting the immunising injection, whereas vaccination refers to the process of both getting the vaccine and your body’s immune response. While most people use the terms interchangeably, they are slightly different because it is possible – though unusual – that your body may not have an immune response as a result of vaccination.

Why should I have my child immunised?

  • By immunising your child, you are offering her the safest and most effective form of protection against many serious diseases. After immunisation, your child has protection against many diseases that can still circulate in the community – the benefit of this protection far outweighs the rare complications associated with immunisation.
  • The infection can be taken out of the community if enough people are immunised. Without carriers to spread these diseases, it is possible to eradicate serious diseases entirely – this is how smallpox has disappeared from the world.



This article was written by Ella Walsh for Kidspot. Sources include Immunise Australia Program.

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