Organic crops are grown without pesticides, artificial fertilisers and processed without food additives. Organic meat and seafood is produced without antibiotics or growth hormones. An organic farming system doesn’t use any type of synthetic chemicals or genetically modified organisms.
Australian Certified Organic (ACO) currently certifies about 55% of the Australian organic industry and is the largest organic certifier in Australia. Organic certification requires different standards than the regular Food Standards requirements.
Farmers are able to grow their food organically by caring for the soil, which not only makes for healthy food but also a healthy environment. Organic systems rely on a modern and scientific understanding of ecology and soil science, while also depending on traditional methods of crop rotation, to ensure fertility and to assist weed and pest control.
To keep their soil fertile without adding chemical or artificial fertilizers, organic farmers rotate their crops, grazing sheep in one paddock one year and then growing wheat in that same paddock the next. The sheep help to make the soil fertile for the coming wheat crop.