Matariki – The Māori New Year
What is Matariki?
Around the end of May or early June in New Zealand, the Pleiades cluster of stars can be seen low on the north-eastern horizon just before dawn. This cluster, also known as the Seven Sisters carries the Māori name, Matariki. The rise of Matariki and the sighting of the next new moon during June mark the Māori New Year. Matariki means the ‘eyes of god’ (mata ariki) or ‘little eyes’ (mata riki). Legend tells the story of the sky father (Ranginui) and the earth mother (Papatūānuku), who were separated by their children. Tāwhirimātea, the god of the winds, became so enraged by this that he tore out his eyes and threw them into the heavens.
How is Matariki celebrated?
Traditionally, Matariki was a time to remember those who had passed. But there were also celebrations of singing, dancing and feasting thanks to full food storehouses following crop harvesting and the gathering of seafood.
Modern Māori New Year celebrations were revived in the year 2000 and the popularity of events has grown ever since. Now events to welcome the New Year occur throughout New Zealand, celebrating our unique place in the world, showing respect for the beautiful land on which we live and celebrating the diversity of life. It’s a celebration of culture, language, spirit and people.
When is Matariki?
In 2016, the official beginning of Matariki is 6th June with events and festivities taking place over the following weeks.
Matariki traditions and activities
Kites are often flown at Matariki events as a way to reach closer to the stars.
- Kai (food) is a big part of Matariki festivities. You may not have the resources for a traditional hangi at home but you can still enjoy some traditional foods like seafood, fish and kumara (sweet potatoes).
- Slow-cooked pork and sweet potato stew
- Lamb, sweet potato and tomato pie
- Seafood stew
- Tomato and chilli mussels
- Crispy skin fish with smashed peas
- Find out how to make rewena bread and raw fish
- Learn about your whakapapa (family history and ancestors).
- Create Matariki stars with traditional weaving techniques.