Turner syndrome, or Turner’s syndrome, is also called monosomy X, 45X and Ullrich-Turner syndrome and affects only girls. Girls with Turner syndrome have an X chromosome that is either missing or abnormal.
What causes Turner syndrome?
Turner syndrome is a random genetic disorder.
Is Turner Syndrome serious?
Turner syndrome can result in heart defects, diabetes, high blood pressure, hearing problems, and infertility.
Can I prevent Turner syndrome?
Turner syndrome is genetic and as such cannot be prevented.
How do I know if my child has Turner syndrome?
Kids with Turner syndrome may have the following symptoms:
- Short stature
- Congenital heart defects
- Spatial awareness issues and learning problems
- Absence of menstruation (amenorrhea)
- Hearing problems
How do I treat Turner syndrome?
Treating Turner syndrome centres on managing the accompanying medical problems of the disorder. Surgery may be required to correct heart or organ defects. Medication can be used to replace missing hormones and bring about puberty. Girls with Turner syndrome tend to suffer from anxiety and depression more than girls without the disorder, so psychological counselling may be helpful.
Should I call the doctor?
Your doctor can help you diagnose and treat Turner syndrome. He can also refer you to the specialists who can provide the proper care for your child.
What you need to know about Turner syndrome
- Turner syndrome is a random genetic disorder.
- Turner syndrome only affects females.
- Girls with Turner syndrome have a missing or abnormal X chromosome.
- Treatment for Turner syndrome focuses on managing the accompanying medical problems of the disorder.
Find more relevant articles and information:
- Read more about baby development from newborn to 3 months
- Read more about baby development from 3 months to 6 months
- Learn more about mental retardation
Written by Rebecca Stigall for Kidspot, New Zealand’s parenting resource for family health. Sources include Better Health Channel, NSW Health and Health Insite.
Last revised: Wednesday, 20 January 2010
This article contains general information only and is not intended to replace advice from a qualified health professional.